After a long battle, one nsg commando havaldar Gajender Singh Bisht and both perpetrators were killed. 78 79 Rabbi gavriel Holtzberg and his wife rivka holtzberg, who was six months pregnant, were murdered with four other hostages inside the house by the attackers. 80 According to radio transmissions picked up by Indian intelligence, the attackers "would be told by their handlers in pakistan that the lives of Jews were worth 50 times those of non-Jews." Injuries on some of the bodies indicated that they may have been tortured. 82 nsg raid edit during the attacks, both hotels were surrounded by rapid Action Force personnel and Marine commandos (marcos) and National Security guards (NSG) commandos. 83 84 When reports emerged that attackers were receiving television broadcasts, feeds to the hotels were blocked. 85 Security forces stormed both hotels, and all nine attackers were killed by the morning of 29 november. 86 87 Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan of the nsg was killed during the rescue of Commando sunil Yadav, who was hit in the leg by a bullet during the rescue operations at Taj. Hostages were killed at the Oberoi trident.
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73 Kamall and guardans reported that a hungarian mep's assistant was shot. 70 74 Also caught up in the shooting were the President of Madrid, esperanza aguirre, while checking in at the Oberoi trident, 74 and Indian. Krishnadas of Kerala and Gulam noon while having dinner at a restaurant in the taj Hotel. 75 76 Nariman house edit main article: Nariman house Front view of the nariman house a week mining after the attacks Nariman house, a chabad Lubavitch Jewish centre in Colaba known as the mumbai chabad house, was taken over by two attackers and several residents were. 77 Police evacuated adjacent buildings and exchanged fire with the attackers, wounding one. Local residents were told to stay inside. The attackers threw a grenade into a nearby lane, causing no casualties. Nsg commandos arrived from Delhi, and a naval helicopter took an aerial survey. During the first day, 9 hostages were rescued from the first floor. The following day, the house was stormed by nsg commandos fast-roping from helicopters onto the roof, covered by snipers positioned in nearby buildings.
Cnn initially general reported on the morning of 27 november 2008 that the hostage situation at the taj Hotel had been resolved and"d the police chief of Maharashtra stating that all hostages were freed; 66 however, it was learned later that day that there were. 67 The first floor of the taj Hotel was completely gutted. A number of European Parliament Committee on International Trade delegates were staying in the taj hotel when it was attacked, 68 but none of them were injured. 69 British Conservative member of the european Parliament (MEP) Sajjad Karim (who was in the lobby when attackers initially opened fire there) and German Social Democrat mep erika mann were hiding in different parts of the building. 70 Also reported present was Spanish mep ignasi guardans, who was barricaded in a hotel room. 71 72 Another British Conservative mep, syed Kamall, reported that he along with several other meps left the hotel and went to a nearby restaurant shortly before the attack. 70 Kamall also reported that Polish mep jan Masiel was thought to have been sleeping in his hotel room when the attacks started, but eventually left the hotel safely.
Bullet marks left at leopold Cafe leopold Cafe edit The leopold Cafe, a popular restaurant and bar on Colaba causeway in south Mumbai, was one of the first sites to be attacked. Two attackers, Shoaib alias Soheb and nazir alias Abu Umer, 52 opened fire on the cafe on the evening of 26 november, killing 10 people (including some foreigners) and injuring many more. 62 Bomb blasts in taxis edit There were two explosions in taxis caused by timer bombs. The first one occurred at 22:40 at Vile parle, killing the driver and a passenger. The second explosion took place at Wadi bunder between 22:20 and 22:25. Three people, including the driver of the taxi were killed, and about 15 others were injured. 18 63 Taj Hotel and Oberoi trident edit Two hotels, The taj Mahal Palace hotel and the Oberoi trident, were among the four locations targeted. Six explosions were reported at the taj hotel one in the lobby, two in the elevators, three in the restaurant and one at the Oberoi trident. 64 65 At the taj, firefighters rescued 200 hostages from windows using ladders during the first night.
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The attackers passed a police station. Knowing that they were outgunned against the heavily armed terrorists, the police officers at the station, instead of confronting the terrorists, decided to switch off the lights and secure the gates. The attackers then headed towards Cama hospital with an intention to kill patients, 57 but the hospital staff locked all of the patient wards. A team of the mumbai anti-terrorist Squad led by police chief Hemant Karkare searched the Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus and then left in pursuit of Kasab and Khan. Kasab and Khan opened fire on the vehicle in a lane next to the hospital, and received return fire in response. Karkare, vijay salaskar, ashok kamte and one of their officers were killed. The only survivor, constable Arun Jadhav, was severely wounded.the
58 Kasab and Khan seized the police vehicle but later abandoned it and seized a passenger car instead. They then ran into a police roadblock, which had been set up after Jadhav radioed for help. 59 A gun battle then ensued in which Khan was killed and Kasab was wounded. After a physical struggle, kasab was arrested. 60 A police officer, tukaram Omble was also killed when he ran in front of Kasab to shoot him.
According to a media report citing an unnamed former Defence department Official of the us, the intelligence agencies of the us had determined that former officers from pakistan's Army and Inter-Services Intelligence agency assisted actively and continuously in training. 50 They were given blueprints of all the four targets The taj Mahal Palace hotel, oberoi trident, nariman house and Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus. Attacks edit main article: Timeline of the 2008 Mumbai attacks The first events were detailed around 20:00 Indian Standard Time (IST) on 26 november, when 10 men in inflatable speedboats came ashore at two locations in Colaba. They reportedly told local Marathi -speaking fishermen who asked them who they were to "mind their own business" before they split up and headed two different ways. The fishermen's subsequent report to police department received little response and local police were helpless. 51 Chhatrapati Shivaji maharaj Terminus edit bullet marks on the wall at cst the Chhatrapati Shivaji maharaj Terminus (csmt) was attacked by two gunmen, Ismail Khan and Ajmal Kasab.
52 Kasab was later caught alive by the police and identified by eyewitnesses. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire, 53 using ak-47 rifles. 54 The attackers killed 58 people and injured 104 others, 54 their assault ending at about 22:45. 53 Security forces and emergency services arrived shortly afterwards. Announcements by a railway announcer, vishnu dattaram Zende, alerted passengers to leave the station and saved scores of lives. 55 56 The two gunmen fled the scene and fired at pedestrians and police officers in the streets, killing eight police officers.
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42 43 Training edit a group of men, sometimes stated as 24, at other times 26, 44 received training in marine warfare at a remote camp in mountainous muzaffarabad. Part of the training was reported to have taken place on the mangla dam reservoir. 45 The recruits went through the following stages night of training, according to Indian and us media reports: Psychological: Indoctrination to Islamist ideas, including imagery of atrocities suffered by muslims in India, 46 Chechnya, palestine and across the globe. Basic Combat: Lashkar's basic combat training and methodology course, the daura aam. Advanced Training: Selected to undergo advanced combat training at a camp near Mansehra, a course the organisation calls the daura Khaas. 46 According to an unnamed source at the us defense department this includes advanced weapons and explosives training supervised by retired personnel of the pakistan Army, 47 along with survival training and further indoctrination. Commando Training: Finally, an even smaller group selected for specialised commando tactics training and marine navigation training given to the fedayeen unit selected in order to target Mumbai. 48 From the students, 10 were handpicked for the mumbai mission. 49 They also received training in swimming and sailing, besides the use of high-end weapons and explosives under the supervision of let commanders.
demolition of Babri mosque,. 29 On 6 December 2002, a blast in a best bus near Ghatkopar station killed two people and injured. 30 The bombing occurred on the 10th anniversary of the demolition of the babri mosque in ayodhya. 31 A bicycle bomb exploded near the vile parle station in Mumbai, killing one person and injuring 25 on, a day before the visit of the Prime minister of India atal Bihari vajpayee to the city. 32 On, a day after the 10th anniversary of the 1993 Bombay bombings, a bomb exploded in a train compartment near the mulund station, killing 10 people and injuring. 33 On, a blast in a best bus in Ghatkopar killed 4 people and injured. 34 On, two bombs exploded in south Mumbai, one near the gateway of India and the other at zaveri bazaar in Kalbadevi. At least 44 people were killed and 150 injured. 35 On, seven bombs exploded within 11 minutes on the suburban railway in Mumbai, 36 killing 209 people, including 22 foreigners and more than 700 injured. 40 41 According to the mumbai police, the bombings were carried out by lashkar-e-taiba and Students Islamic movement of India (simi).
15 There was also an explosion at mazagaon, in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile parle. 18 by the early morning of for 28 november, all sites except for the taj Hotel had been secured by mumbai police department and security forces. On 29 november, India's National Security guards (NSG) conducted 'Operation Black tornado' to flush out the remaining attackers; it culminated in the death of the last remaining attackers at the taj Hotel and ended the attacks. 19 Ajmal Kasab 20 disclosed that the attackers were members of Lashkar-e-taiba, 21 among others. 22 The government of India said that the attackers came from pakistan, and their controllers were in pakistan. 23 On, pakistan confirmed the sole surviving perpetrator of the attacks was a pakistani citizen. On, the foremost ringleader of the attacks, zakiur Rehman lakhvi, 3 4 was granted bail against surety bonds of 200,000 (US1,900) in pakistan.
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For the date, see 26 november. The 2008 Mumbai attacks (also referred to as 26/11 ) 10 a were a group of terrorist attacks that took place in november 2008, when 10 members. Lashkar-e-taiba, an, islamic terrorist organisation based in, pakistan, carried out a series of 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting four days across. 11 12 13, the attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday, 26 november and lasted until Saturday, 29 november 2008. 164 people died and 308 were wounded. 2 14, eight of the attacks occurred. South Mumbai : at, chhatrapati Shivaji terminus, owl the, oberoi trident, 15 the, taj Palace tower, 15, leopold Cafe, cama hospital, 15 the. Nariman house, jewish community centre, 16 the, metro cinema, 17 and in a lane behind the times of India building and.