If you are writing about a book, provide the name of the work, the author, and a brief summary of the plot. If you are writing about a film, provide a brief synopsis. If you are writing about a painting or other still image, provide a brief description for your readers. Keep in mind that your background information in the first paragraph should lead up to your thesis statement. Explain everything the reader needs to know to understand what your topic is about, then narrow it down until you reach the topic itself. 21 5 Use your body paragraphs to discuss specific components of your text. Rather than trying to talk about multiple aspects of your text in a single paragraph, make sure that each body paragraph focuses on a single aspect of your text.
Five paragraph Essay - create better Writers
; or The dictionary defines. Do: open on an intriguing fact, an anecdote, or another attention-grabber with relevant content. 18 Other good techniques to open an essay include using a specific, evocative detail that links to your larger idea, asking a question that your essay will answer, or providing a compelling statistic. 19 4 Provide background headers information to help guide your readers. Providing adequate background information or context will help to guide your readers through your essay. Think about what your readers will need to know in order to understand the rest of your essay and provide this information in your first paragraph. This information will vary depending on the type of text you have been asked to write about. 20 Don't: summarize parts of the plot irrelevant to your essay. Do: tailor your introduction to your audience. A conference of English professors needs less background info than a blog readership.
You can make your outline as detailed or as scant as you want. Just keep in mind that the more detail you include in your outline, the more material you will have ready to put into your paper. 16 you may want to use a formal outline structure that uses Roman numerals, Arabic numerals, and letters. Or, you may want to use an informal "mind-map" type of outline, which allows you to gather your ideas before you have a complete idea of how they progress. 3 Begin your essay with an engaging sentence that gets right into your topic. Your introduction should immediately begin discussing your topic. Think about what you will discuss in your essay to help you determine what you should include in your introduction. Keep in mind that your introduction should identify the main idea of your critical essay and act as a preview best to your essay. 17 Don't: start with a cliche such as In modern society.
The end of the first paragraph is the traditional place to provide your thesis in an academic essay. For example, here is a multi-sentence thesis statement about the effectiveness and purpose of the movie mad Max: Fury road : owl "Many action films follow the same traditional pattern: a male action hero (usually white and attractive) follows his gut and barks orders at others. Mad Max: Fury road is effective because it turns this pattern on its head. Instead of following the expected progression, the movie offers an action movie with multiple heroes, barbing many of whom are women, thereby effectively challenging patriarchal standards in the hollywood summer blockbuster." Don't: include obvious facts ( Mad Max was directed by george miller ) or subjective. 15 Do: present an argument that you can back up with evidence. 2 develop a rough outline based on your research notes. Writing an outline before you begin drafting your essay will help you to organize your information more effectively.
Don't: highlight a phrase just because it sounds significant or meaningful. Do: highlight phrases that support or undermine your arguments. Part 3 Writing your Essay 1 develop your tentative thesis. Once you have developed your ideas about your primary source and read your primary sources, you should be ready to write a thesis statement. 12 Effective thesis statements express the main focus of a paper and state an arguable claim. You may find it helpful to use a multi-sentence thesis statement, where the first sentence offers the general idea and the second sentence refines it to a more specific idea. 13 make sure your thesis provides enough detail. In other words, avoid simply saying that something is "good" or "effective" and say what specifically makes it "good" or "effective." 14 Place your thesis statement at the end of your first paragraph unless your instructor tells you to place it elsewhere.
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Noting the for publication date is especially important for scientific subjects, since new technologies and techniques have made some earlier findings irrelevant. 10 Information provided in the source. If you are still questioning the trustworthiness of millwright this source, cross check some of the information provided against a trustworthy source. If the information that this author presents contradicts one of your trustworthy sources, then it might not be a good source to use in your paper. 11 3 read your research.
Once you have gathered all of your sources, you will need to read them. Use the same careful reading strategy that you used when you read your primary source(s). Read the sources multiple times and make sure that you fully understand them. 4 take notes while you read your sources. Highlight and underline significant passages so that you can easily come back to them. As you read, you should also pull any significant information from your sources by jotting the information down in a notebook. Clearly indicate when you have"d a source word for word by putting it into"tion marks and including information about the source such as the authors name, article or book title, and page number.
Choose sources that include an authors name and that provide credentials for that author. The credentials should indicate something about why this person is qualified to speak as an authority on the subject. For example, an article about a medical condition will be more trustworthy if the author is a medical doctor. If you find a source where no author is listed or the author does not have any credentials, then this source may not be trustworthy. Think about whether or not this author has adequately researched the topic.
Check the authors bibliography or works cited page. If the author has provided few or no sources, then this source may not be trustworthy. Think about whether or not this author has presented an objective, well-reasoned account of the topic. How often does the tone indicate a strong preference for one side of the argument? How often does the argument dismiss or disregard the oppositions concerns or valid arguments? If these are regular occurrences in the source, then it may not be a good choice. 9 (Note, however, that literary criticism often presents a very strong preference for one reading; this is not usually considered "bias" because the field of literary study is inherently subjective.) Don't: dismiss an author for favoring one point of view. Do: engage critically with their argument and make use of well-supported claims. Think about whether or not this source presents the most up to date information on the subject.
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Books, articles from scholarly journals, magazine articles, newspaper articles, and trustworthy websites are some sources that you might consider legs using. Use your librarys databases rather than a general internet search. University libraries subscribe to many databases. These databases provide you with free access to articles and other resources that you cannot usually gain access to by using a search engine. Evaluate your sources to determine their credibility. It is important to use only trustworthy sources in an academic essay, otherwise you will damage your own credibility as an author. Using the librarys databases will also help to ensure that you are getting plenty of trustworthy sources for your paper. There are several things that you will need to consider in order to determine whether or not a source is trustworthy. 6 The author and his or her credentials.
For example, you may notice that Frankenstein's monster is often more likable essay than Doctor Frankenstein, and make an educated guess about why this. Your solution to the problem should help you to develop a focus for your essay, but keep in mind that you do not need to have a solid argument about your text at this point. As you continue to think about the text, you will move closer to a focus and a thesis for your critical analysis essay. 5, don't: read the author's mind: Mary Shelley intended Frankenstein's monster to be more likable because. Do: phrase it as your own interpretation: Frankenstein's monster is more sympathetic than his creator, leading the reader to question who the true monster really. Part 2, conducting Research 1, find appropriate secondary sources if required. If you are required to use sources for your critical essay, you will need to do some research. See your assignment guidelines or ask your instructor if you have questions about what types of sources are appropriate for this assignment.
your paper: does he mean _? Does this connect to _? 4, review your notes to identify patterns and problems. After you have finished reading and taking notes on your text, look over your notes to determine what patterns are present in the text and what problems stand out to you. Try to identify a solution to one of the problems you have identified.
Get to know the text inside and out by reading and rereading. If you have been asked to write about a visual text like a film or piece of art, watch the film multiple times or view the painting from various angles and distances. 3, take notes as you read the your text. Taking notes as you read will help your to remember important aspects of the text, and it will also help you to think critically about the text. Keep some key questions in mind as you read and attempt to answer those questions through your notes. What is the text about? What are the main ideas? What is puzzling about the text?
Barn, burning, by william faulkner, summary, example