Hogshires reports on his drug experiments made for amusing reading. I particularly remember his description, reprinted in this magazine, of the effects of a deliberate overdose of Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide, or dm, a common ingredient in over-the-counter cough syrups and nighttime cold remedies. After drinking eight ounces of Robitussin dm, hogshire reported waking up at 4:00. And determining that he should now shave and go to kinkos to get some copies made. That may seem normal, but the fact was that I had a reptilian brain. My whole way of thinking and perceiving had changed. I got in the shower and shaved.
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One may even cross it unawares. As I delved into the horticulture and jurisprudence of the opium poppy last summer, i made the acquaintance of one man, a contemporary and a fellow journalist, who had had his life pretty well wrecked after stepping across that very border. In his case, though, there is reason to believe it was the border that did the moving; he was arrested on charges of possessing the same flowers that countless thousands of Americans are right now growing in their gardens and keeping in vases in their. What appears to have set him apart was the fact that he had published a book about this flower in which he described a simple method for converting its seedpod into a narcotic—knowledge that the government has shown it will go to great lengths. Just where this leaves me, and this article, is, well, the subject of this article. Before recounting my own adventures among the poppies, and encounters with the poppy police, i need to tell you a little about this acquaintance, since he was the inspiration for my own experiments in poppy cultivation as well as the direct cause of the first. His name is Jim Hogshire. He first writing came to my attention a few report years ago, when this magazine published an excerpt from Pills-a-go-go, one of the wittier and more informative of the countless zines that sprang up in the early nineties, when desktop publishing first made it possible for individuals. Hogshires own special interest—his passion, really—was the world of pharmaceuticals: the chemistry, regulation, and effects of licit and illicit drugs. Published on multicolored stock more or less whenever Hogshire got around to it, pills-a-go-go printed inside news about the pharmaceutical industry alongside firsthand accounts of Hogshires own self-administered drug experiments—pill-hacking, he called. The zine had a strong libertarian-populist bent, and was given to attacking the fda, dea, and ama with gusto whenever those institutions stood between the American people and their pills—pills that Hogshire regarded with a reverence born of their astounding powers to heal as well.
Im not eighteen anymore, or in any position to undertake such a serious risk. I am in fact forty two, a family man (as they say) and homeowner whose drug-taking days are behind him. Not that they arent sometimes fondly recalled, the prevailing cant about drug abuse notwithstanding. But now I have a kid and a mortgage and a keogh. There is simply no place in my grownup, middle-class lifestyle for an arrest on federal general narcotics charges, much less for the forfeiture of my familys house and land, which often accompanies such an arrest. It was one thing, i reasoned, to grow poppies; quite another to manufacture narcotics from them. I figured i knew where the line between these two deeds fell, and felt confident that I could safely toe. But in these days of the American drug war, as it turns out, the border between the sunny country of the law-abiding—my country!—and a shadowy realm of swat teams, mandatory minimum sentences, asset forfeitures, and ruined lives is not necessarily where one thinks.
Yet I have to confess that this was a temptation I grappled with all last summer. You see, id become curious as to whether it was in fact possible, as Id recently read, for a gardener of average skills to obtain a narcotic from a plant grown in this country from legally available seeds. To another gardener this will not seem odd, for we gardeners are like that: eager to try the improbable, to see if we cant successfully grow an artichoke in Zone 5 or make echinacea tea from the roots of our purple coneflowers. Deep down I suspect that many gardeners regard themselves as minor-league alchemists, transforming the dross of compost (and water and sunlight) into substances of rare value and beauty and power. Also, one of the greatest satisfactions of gardening is the independence it can confer—from the greengrocer, the florist, the pharmacist, and, for some, the drug dealer. One does not have to go all the way back to the land to experience the satisfaction of providing for yourself off the grid of the national economy. So, yes, i was curious to know if I could make opium at home, especially if I could do so without making a single illicit purchase. It seemed to me that this would indeed represent a particularly impressive sort of alchemy. I wasnt at all sure, however, whether I was prepared to go quite that far.
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Or at least thats what I thought back in February, when i added a couple of poppy varieties (P. Somniferum as well. Rhoeas) to my hire annual order of flowers and vegetables from the seed catalogues. But the state of popular (and even expert) knowledge about poppies is confused, to say the least; mis- and even disinformation is rife. Id read in Martha Stewart living that contrary to general belief, there is no federal law against growing.
Before planting, i consulted my taylors guide to Annuals, a generally reliable reference that did allude to the fact that the juice plan of the unripe pod yields opium, the production of which is illegal in the United States. But taylors said nothing worrisome about the plants themselves. I figured that if the seeds could be sold legally (and I found somniferum on offer in a half-dozen well-known catalogues, though it was not always sold under that name how could the obvious next step—i. E., planting the seeds according to the directions on the packet—possibly be a federal offense? Were this the case, you would think thered at least be a disclaimer in the catalogues. So it seemed to me that I could remain safely on the sunny side of the law just as long as I didnt attempt to extract any opium from my poppies.
By michael Pollan, harper's Magazine, april 1, 1997, last season was a strange one in my garden, notable not only for the unseasonably cool and wet weather—the talk of gardeners all over New England—but also for its climate of paranoia. One flower was the cause: a tall, breathtaking poppy, with silky scarlet petals and a black heart, the growing of which, i discovered rather too late, is a felony under state and federal law. Actually, its not quite as simple as that. My poppies were, or became, felonious; another gardeners might or might not. The legality of growing opium poppies (whose seeds are sold under many names, including the breadseed poppy, papaver paeoniflorum, and, most significantly, papaver somniferum) is a tangled issue, turning on questions of nomenclature and epistemology that it took me the better part of the summer.
But before i try to explain, let me offer a friendly warning to any gardeners who might wish to continue growing this spectacular annual: the less you know about it, the better off you are, in legal if not horticultural terms. Because whether or not the opium poppies in your garden are illicit depends not on what you do, or even intend to do, with them but very simply on what you know about them. Hence my warning: if you have any desire to grow opium poppies, you would be wise to stop reading right now. As for me, im afraid that, at least in the eyes of the law, Im already lost, having now tasted of the forbidden fruit of poppy knowledge. Indeed, the more i learned about poppies, the guiltier my poppies became—and the more fearful grew my days and to some extent also my nights. Until the day last fall, that is, when I finally pulled out my poppies withered stalks and, with a tremendous feeling of relief, threw them on the compost, thereby (I hope) rejoining the ranks of gardeners who dont worry about visits from the police. It started out if not quite innocently, then legally enough.
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When these incidents occur, officers thesis need the best available equipment in order to neutralize heavily armed opponents before they can inflict serious harm on civilians. There is little evidence that new procedures have increased causalities: Statistics of biography police killings of civilians do not show any significant increase, while deaths of officers in the line of duty are at an all-time low, indicating the newer procedures have helped save lives. The vast majority of police-civilian interactions are peaceful: Criticisms about the overuse of swat teams and officers decked out in military gear ignore the fact that most officers patrol the streets in standard uniforms and interact peacefully with multiple civilians during a given day. Rates of violent crime are down in most parts of the country. Violent confrontations are the exception, not the rule. Taking valuable tools away from police officers endangers lives: The stability of police shootings of civilians, the decline in violent crime, and the decline in police officer fatalities all suggest that current procedures are working. If officers lose the tactics and equipment they have come to rely on, these trends could be adversely affected and officers could be put in harms way without adequate protection. Police exist to serve their communities, and while accusations of over-militarization are exaggerated, officers do still need to focus heavily on community outreach and dialogue. The only way misconceptions can be corrected is through transparency, so civilians can see and understand why certain approaches are warranted).
The main beneficiaries of this militarization are military contractors who now have another lucrative market in which to sell their products. Companies like lockheed Martin and Blackhawk Industries are making record profits by selling their equipment to local police departments that have received Department of Homeland underwriting Security grants. Police departments use these wartime weapons in everyday policing, especially to fight the wasteful and failed drug war, which has unfairly targeted people of color. According to a recent aclu report, of all the incidents studied where the number and race of the people impacted were known, 39 percent were Black, 11 percent were latino, 20 were white. The majority of raids that targeted blacks and Latinos were related to drugs—another metric exposing how the war on drugs is racist to the core. (adapted from the Truth about Police militarization by david Hagner, over the last few years the role of police in American society has increasingly drawn harsh criticism. Much is made of the militarization of police, from their acquisition and use of surplus military equipment, their training with and adopting similar tactics to the military, and intrusive search procedures. These criticisms are disproportionate and do not take into account the everyday facts of policing, including: The nature of the threat has changed: Terrorist attacks on American soil have risen in frequency. Though none have been as destructive as those of 9/11, many more recent attacks have occurred at the local level and have to be confronted by police.
a heavily armed team of officers to perform routine police work can dangerously escalate situations that never needed to involve violence in the first place. Throughout the United States, heavily armed swat teams are raiding peoples homes in the middle of the night, often just to search for drugs. Military-style police raids have increased dramatically in recent years, with one report finding over 80,000 such raids last year. It should enrage us that people have needlessly died during these raids, that pets have been shot, and that homes have been ravaged. Sometimes children are in the crossfire—often with deadly results. Our neighborhoods are not warzones, and the police should not be treating us like wartime enemies. And yet, every year, billions of dollars worth of military equipment flows from the federal government to local police departments.
Witnesses shredder said they heard a woman shout Nanlaban, which means fighting it out, before they heard the gunshots. Ged essay directions: The articles below present arguments from supporters and critics of police militarization. In your essay, analyze both articles to determine which position is best supported. Use relevant and specific evidence from both articles to support your response. You should expect to spend up to 45 minutes planning, drafting, and editing your response. The militarization of Police: Harming civil Liberties, Impacting Children, and Creating War Zones. By aclu, news reports frequently show police wearing helmets and masks, wielding assault rifles, and riding in mine-resistant armored vehicles.
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The goal of Sudoku is to fill in a 99 grid with digits so that each column, row, and 33 section contain the numbers between 1. At the beginning of the game, the 99 grid will have some of the squares filled. Your job is to use logic to fill in the missing digits and complete the grid. Dont forget, a move is incorrect if: Any row contains more than one of the same number from 1. Any column contains more than one of the same number from 1. Any 33 grid contains more than one of the same number from 1. Nanlaban, view Location, roel Scott, 13, inspects the bloodied spot where his uncle, joselito jumaquio, 52, was killed by the police.