Casy feels that his life as a preacher has isolated him from the real meaning of life. Muley graves is just wanderin around like aveyard ghost. Uncle john is described as the n in the world. Steinbeck uses the backdrop of the larger isolation of the migrants as a whole. Slide 43 putting the pieces together animals and machines are an important part of the novel both at a literal and a symbolic level. They unify the novel, help us understand characters, and point out major themes in the work.
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Casy comes to believe that people discover lifes true meaning only when they see their connection to other people and learn to love them. Casys belief is expressed in the growing sense of unity among the migrants and other dispossed people. Slide 40 agarianism the novel reaffirms Thomas Jeffersons belief that those who labor in the earth are the chosen people of God. Steinbeck emphasizes the importance of a unified, sharing attitude between humans and the earth. Tractors, land essay corporations, and bankers reflect the alienation and corruption that result when landownership and farming become a business. Migrants believed that the land belongs to those who work it; landowners allowed summary their lands to lie dormant while other were hungry. Slide 41 communism throughout the novel, migrants are wrongly accused of being Reds, or Communists. There is no direct evidence in the novel that a larger political influence lies behind the migrants attempts to organize and protect themselves. Their ideal is not communism, but a communalism or a vague form of Christian socialism where people work together for the benefit of all. Slide 42 isolation loneliness having been isolated in prison, tom continues through most of the novel as a loner.
Christ says, i am write the Bread of Life. (John 6:35) Slide 38 Theme One of Steinbecks major themes (Of Mice and Men also) is humankinds search for the Promise land, a garden of Eden, flowing with milk and honey. Concerning Tom and the snake, the devil took the form of a serpent in the garden of Eden in Genesis. The snake here is an omen that California will not be a paradise for them. Slide 39 transcendentalism when Casy says that maybe all men got one big soul everbodys a part of, he argues that human kind as a whole is more important than any one individual. Casy goes so far as to argue that perhaps there is no sin, that everything people do is holy. Transcendentalists believe that a collective unity of souls transcends or goes beyond the individual soul.
Casys last words were: you fellas dont know what youre doin. Slide 36 Biblical Imagery The novels three sections (drought, journey, and California) correspond to the Israelites oppression in Egypt, the exodus, and the sojourn in the land of Canaan. Instead of peace and prosperity, the joads are met with the hunger and violence in California. They never get the promised land. Slide 37 Rose presentation of Sharon Rose of Sharons name comes from I (Christ) am the rose of Sharon and the lily of the valley. This thy stature is like to a palm tree and thy breasts to clusters of grapes. Christians believe that Christ gives himself, body and blood, in the form of bread and wine. Rose of Sharon truly gives of herself to bring life to the dying man, who would die without the nourishment.
Tom seems to be reflecting on Casys message of universal compassion for fellow human beings. Slide 33 theme froo we our only way to survive as a human race is to shift from total independence to inter- dependence. John Steinbeck Slide 34 religion traditional, orthodox religion is seen in a negative light since it encourages individuals to remain isolated and self-centered. Uncle john is preoccupied with guilt over his role in the death of his wife; a migrant woman sees everything in terms of sin and punishment. Casey abandons orthodox religion in hopes of finding a deeper awareness of life and the universe. The understanding that he finally achieves is not anti-religion, but rather a way of translating religion into responsible, humane action. Slide 35 Christian Symbolism The joads oppressed, homeless group (Israelites) in search of the Promised Land Jim Casy withdrawn from the church as Christ withdrew from the old religion Casy went into the wilderness like jesus to figure out something and form a new set. Christs last words before dying were: Father forgive them; they know not what they.
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The great owners, nervous, sensing a change, knowing nothing of the nature of the change. Chapter 14 Slide 29 cont. Theyre gonna come a thing thats gonna change the whole country. Chapter 16 For here i lost my land is changed: a cell is split and from its splitting grows the thing you hate—we lost our is is the beginning—from I. Chapter 14 Slide 30 froo we from the first pages of this novel, the reader senses a change has come over the land. The red earth is turned to gray dust. The tenant farmers are pushed off their land and onto highway 66 by debts and greedy owners.
We see characters change, such as the service station owner of chapter 13, who begins as a whining worrier and ends up showing compassion when the joads dog is run over, offering to bury im out in the corn field.30 Slide 31 change in the. They have to leave their farm and Oklahoma. They have added Casey and Wilsons to the extended family. Their pet dog is hit by a car. Slide 32 changes in attitudes (joads) ma seems to be writers opening her concept of family by allowing Casy and the wilsons.
He saw machines as offering possibilities for a better life for all people. Slide 26 machine age comes to ok the family met at the most important place, near the truck. Chapter 10 The novel began with a poetic tribute to the land and its people. Chapter 2 the red, living earth is replaced by a roaring, huge red truck. Every chapter but 4 contains references to cars, trucks, or tractors (all negative except for the above passage). Slide 27 machine age comes to ok machines are replacing the land and the farm as America becomes a nation on the move.
What does it mean to be human in a world that is becoming increasingly mechanized? Chapter 11 (the 1 st paragraph) says the new machine man has no wonder in his work, loses understanding of relationship between people and land, is contemptuous of the land and of himself.-* Slide 28 changes times are changing, mister, dont you know? Chapter 5 seems to me we dont never come to nothin. Always on the way. 13 Thus they changed their social life— changed as in the whole universe only man can change. The western land, nervous under the beginning change. The western States nervous as horses before a thunder storm.
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Slide 21 title religious level revelation the evil people who follow after babylon (wickedness) will drink of the wine of the wrath of god and will be tormented. In the novel, this happens to the wealthy landowners in california, whose exploitation diary of the migrants leads to workers protest and strikes. Slide 22 title religious level grapes arymbol of fruitfulness, bounty, and promise for the future. Theres one thinint never had enough. Slide 23 symbols the Grapes of Wrath Christian symbolism Slide 24 symbols rose of Sharon's pregnancy; the death of the joads' dog The Tractors Slide 25 a time of change: motifs in the novel think about the role of technology in your life today? Think about technology in manufacturing, medicine, and information accessibility? Steinbeck wrote this novel before the computer revolution, but he was never an anti-machine agrarian purist.
Slide 13 key facts tone mournful, awed, enraged, sympathetic tense mainly past setting (time) late 1930s setting (place) oklahoma, california, and john points along the way protagonist tom joad Slide 14 major conflict the disastrous drought of the 1930s forces farmers to migrate westward to california. Moreover, tom joad's story dramatizes a conflict between the impulse to respond to hardship and disaster by focusing on one's own needs and the impulse to risk one's safety by working for a common good. Slide 15 rising action tom is released from prison, determined to mind his own business; Tom encounters the devastation of the dust Bowl; Casy presents Tom with his philosophy of the holiness of human beings in general; Tom is drawn into the workers' movement. Slide 16 themes and motifs themes man's inhumanity to man; the saving power of family and fellowship; the saving power of family and fellowship; the dignity of wrath; the multiplying effects of altruism and selfishness motif improvised leadership structures Slide 17 main themes and ideas. Slide 19 title battle hymn of the republic Julia ward Howe mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the lord: he is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored; he hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible. I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps, They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps; I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps: His day is marching. Slide 20 title symbolic level migrants cluster together like grapes, in their shared misery and anger (wrath). They survive persecution, hardships, and exploitation only because of their invincible courage.
protest novel language english time and place written late maylate October 1938, los Gatos, ca slide 11 narrator narrator An anonymous, all. Slide 12 point of view the narrative shifts dramatically between different points of view. In some chapters the narrator describes events broadly, summarizing the experiences of a large number of people and providing historical analysis. Frequently, in the same chapters, the narrator assumes the voice of a typical individual, such as a displaced farmer or a crooked used-car salesman, expressing that person's individual concerns. When the narrator assumes the voice of an anonymous individual, the words sometimes sound like what an actual person might say, but sometimes they form a highly poetic representation of the anonymous individual's thoughts and soul. The chapters focusing on the joad family are narrated primarily from an objective point of view, representing conversations and interactions without focusing on any particular character. Here, the characters' actions are presented as an observer might witness them, without directly representing the characters' thoughts and motivations. At certain points, however, the narrator shifts and presents the joads from an omniscient point of view, explaining their psychologies, characters, and motivations in intimate detail.
Oklahomans resented the portrayal of night their citizens and their state. Californians insisted they were not as cruel as the picture Steinbeck painted of them. Many people called Steinbeck a communist. Slide 7 supporters believed his novel told the truth and were concerned enough to demand government action As a novel of social protest, The Grapes of Wrath was a great success. As a movie, it is a classic. In todays catalog of literature, it ranks as a timeless work of art. Slide 8 structure the novel is somewhat unusual in structure. The general story of the dust storms, the road west, shady business practices, and the migrant camps is told in chapters which alternate with the more specific story of one particular migrant family, the joads. You will receive a factual history along with a fictionalized example of how the historic events affected one family.
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Download, report, description, slide 1 The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck Slide 2 introduction critics have called John Steinbecks masterpiece The Grapes of Wrath propaganda, sentimental, and obscene—but. Transcript, slide 1 The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck Slide 2 introduction critics have called John Steinbecks masterpiece The Grapes of Wrath propaganda, sentimental, and obscene—but half a century later, we are still moved by the story of the joads and the thousands like database them. Think about this happening today? Slide 3 In an age of concern over the plight of Americas farmlands, earths fragile environment, and the growing problem of pollution, The Grapes of Wrath is still relevant. In an age when Third World peoples are the new okies, when people step over the sleeping homeless in our major cities, and the gap between rich and poor widens, The Grapes of Wrath is still relevant. The movement from I to we (this novels major theme) challenges every new generation of readers. Slide 4 values an appreciation for our common humanity The need to work together to achieve a common goal The need for compassion and justice for the oppressed The importance of avoiding stereotypes and labels The need to share what we have with others, especially.