Racial Innocence: Performing American Childhood from Slavery to civil Rights. New York University Press. Populism: The humane Preference in America. "Growing Up in Oz". Frank baum and the Progressive dilemma". Gessel, michael; koupal, nancy tystad; Erisman, Fred (2001). "The politics of Oz: a symposium". Gilead, sarah (March 1991).
The, wizard of, oz, movie review (1939) roger Ebert
Kansas City: presentation University of Missouri. "The geo-politics of Oz; Now It Can be told! Treachery, tin Men, hegemony and Toto". Gold: From Greek myth to computer Chips. Bibliography edit barrett, laura (March 22, 2006). "From have Wonderland to wasteland: The wonderful wizard of oz, the Great Gatsby, and the new American fairy tale". Papers on Language and Literature. Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. The wonderful wizard of oz (1900 online edition with black and white illustrations ; online version from Gutenberg, without illustrations ; online version with color illustrations Blythe, martin (2006). "oz is China: a political Fable of Chinese Dragons and White tigers".
Complete text of baum's editorials. Archived from the original on August 13, 2008. Retrieved november 9, 2016. Frank baums Editorials on the sioux Nation Frank baums Editorials on the sioux Nation culver, Stuart (1988). "What Manikins Want: The wonderful wizard of oz and The Art of Decorating Dry goods Windows and Interiors". "oz and Kansas: a theosophical quest". In Gannon, susan.; Thompson, ruth Anne. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Conference of the Children's Literature Association.
Frank baum's classic as a political and Monetary Allegory. a b c d e taylor, quentin. "Money and Politics in the land of Oz". Frank; Denslow, william Wallace; hearn, michael Patrick (2000 denslow, william Wallace; hearn, michael Patrick, eds., The Annotated wizard of Oz: The wonderful wizard of oz,. 271, isbn byrd, jodi. living essay my native life deadly red lake, ward Churchill, and the discourses of Competing Genocides". 31 (2 310332; 319. Frank baum's Editorials on the sioux Nation".
Archived from the original (PDF) on Retrieved. a b c Parker, david. "The rise and Fall of The wonderful wizard of oz as a 'parable on Populism. Journal of the georgia association of Historians. "The wonderful wizard of oz frequently Asked questions: About The oz books". The wonderful wizard of oz website. Retrieved 29 September 2017. a b Dighe, ranjit.,. The historian's wizard of Oz: reading.
The, wizard of, oz, apple, and the future of the, macPro
Frank baum's spondylolisthesis "The wonderful wizard of Oz" on Stage and Screen to 1939. The johns Hopkins University writing Press. Historical Dictionary of the Great Depression. hearn, michael Patrick,. The Annotated wizard. "The wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism" (PDF).
sanders, mitch (July 1991). "Setting the Standards on the road to oz". American Numismatic Association : 10421050. Archived from the original on Retrieved. a b Hansen, Bradley. "The fable of the Allegory: The wizard of oz in Economics" (PDF). Journal of Economic Education.
18 In 1993,. Geoffrey seeley recast the story as an exercise in treachery, suggesting the supposed "Good Witch Glinda " used an innocent, ignorant patsy (Dorothy) to overthrow both her own sister witch (Witch of the west) and the wizard of oz, leaving herself as undisputed master. She even showed her truest "Machiavellian brilliance" by allowing the story to be entitled after the weakest of her three opponents. Glinda could have told Dorothy that the "silver slippers would easily do the job of returning Dorothy to her beloved home but decided that a destabilizing force such as Dorothy might be just the thing to shake up her other rival The wizard.". Only dorothy's silver slippers can take her home to kansas meaning that by dorothy not realizing that she had the silver slippers the whole time, dorothy, or "the westerners never realized they already had a viable currency of the people.
20 References edit a b Ritter, Gretchen (August 1997). "Silver slippers and a golden cap:. Frank baum's The wonderful wizard of oz and historical memory in American politics". Journal of American Studies. a b c Swartz, mark evan (2000). Oz before the rainbow :.
The, making, of the, wizard of, oz, prequel
In his day he saw his son and his tribe gradually driven from their possessions: forced to give up their old hunting grounds and espouse the hard working and uncongenial avocations of the whites. And these, his conquerors, were marked in their dealings with his people by selfishness, falsehood and treachery. What wonder that his wild nature, untamed by years of subjection, should still revolt? What wonder that a fiery rage still burned within his breast and that he should seek every opportunity of obtaining vengeance upon his natural enemies.". Alternative allegory edit Other writers have used the same evidence to lead to precisely opposite allegorical interpretations. 8 Apart from intentional symbolism, scholars have speculated on the sources of baum's ideas and imagery. The "man behind the curtain" could be a reference to automated store window displays of the sort famous at Christmas season in big city department stores; many people watching the fancy clockwork motions of animals and mannequins thought there must be an estate operator behind the. 17 Additional allegories have been developed, without claims that they were originally intended by baum. The text has been treated as a theosophical allegory.
12 Social groups edit historian quentin taylor sees additional metaphors, including: taylor also claimed a sort of iconography for the cyclone: it was student used in the 1890s as a metaphor for a political revolution that would transform the drab country into a land of color. It was also used by editorial cartoonists of the 1890s to represent political upheaval. 11 Other putative allegorical devices of the book include the wicked Witch of the west as a figure for the actual American West ; if this is true, then the winged Monkeys could represent another western danger: Indigenous peoples of the Americas. The king of the winged Monkeys tells Dorothy, "Once we were a free people, living happily in the great forest, flying from tree to tree, eating nuts and fruit and doing just as we pleased without calling anybody master. This was many years ago, long before oz came out of the clouds to rule over this land." 10 In fact, baum proposed in two editorials he wrote in December 1890 for his newspaper, the saturday pioneer, the total genocidal slaughter of all remaining indigenous. "The Whites baum wrote, "by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians. Why not annihilation?" 13 14 However this may have been sarcastic or a rhetorical question, as he also wrote "An eastern contemporary, with a grain of wisdom in its wit, says that "when the whites win a fight, it is a victory, and when the. The beginning of his Saturday pioneer editorial also seems sympathetic to sitting Bull "He was an Indian with a white man's spirit of hatred and revenge for those who had wronged him and his.
Littlefield's knowledge of the 1890s was thin, and he made numerous errors, but since his article was published, scholars in history, 8 political science, 1 and economics 7 have asserted. Quentin taylor, for example, claimed that many of the events and characters of the book resemble the actual political personalities, events and ideas of the 1890s. 11 Dorothy —naïve, young and simple—represents the American people. She is everyman, led astray and seeking the way back home. 11 Moreover, following the road of gold leads eventually only to the Emerald City, which may symbolize the fraudulent world of greenback paper money that only pretends to have value. 11 It is ruled by a scheming politician (the wizard) who uses publicity devices and tricks to fool the people (and even the good Witches) into believing he is benevolent, wise, and powerful when really he is a selfish, evil humbug. He sends Dorothy into severe danger hoping she will rid him of his enemy the wicked Witch of the west. He is powerless and, as he admits to dorothy, "I'm a very bad wizard".
Contents, monetary policy edit, in a 1964 article, 5 educator and historian, henry littlefield outlined an allegory in the book of the late 19th-century debate regarding monetary policy. According to this view, book for instance, the yellow Brick road represents the gold standard, and the silver slippers ( ruby in the 1939 film version) represent the. Silverite sixteen to one silver ratio (dancing down the road). The city of oz earns its name from the abbreviation of ounces "Oz" in which gold and silver are measured. The thesis achieved considerable popular interest and elaboration by many scholars in history, economics and other fields, 6 but that thesis has been challenged. 7 8 9 Certainly the 1901 musical version of oz written by baum, was for an adult audience and had numerous explicit references to contemporary politics, 2 though in these references baum seems just to have been "playing for laughs". Tage adaptation mentioned, by name, president Theodore roosevelt and other political celebrities.
The, wonderful, wizard of, oz, book, review
Political interpretations of, the wonderful wizard of oz include treatments of the modern fairy tale (written by,. Frank baum and first published in 1900) as an allegory or metaphor for the political, economic, and social events of America in the 1890s. Scholars have examined four quite different versions of Oz: the novel of 1900, 1 the, broadway play of 1901, 2 the. Hollywood film of 1939, 3 essay and the numerous follow-up oz novels written after 1900 by baum and others. 4, the political interpretations focus on the first three, and emphasize the close relationship between the visual images and the story line to the political interests of the day. Biographers report that baum had been a political activist in the 1890s with a special interest in the money question of gold and silver, and the illustrator William Wallace denslow was a full-time editorial cartoonist for a major daily newspaper. For the 1901 Broadway production baum inserted explicit references to prominent political characters such as President.