A hackneyed, worn-out idea isnt hackneyed and worn out to them. This is the first time the child has encountered. Do not discourage children from reading because you feel they are reading the wrong thing. Fiction you do not like is a route to other books you may prefer. And not everyone has the same taste as you. Well-meaning adults can easily destroy a childs love of reading: stop them reading what they enjoy, or give them worthy-but-dull books that you like, the 21st-century equivalents of Victorian improving literature.
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And that means, at its simplest, finding books that they enjoy, pdf giving them access to those books, and letting them read them. I dont think there is such a thing as a bad book for children. Every now and again it becomes fashionable among some adults to point at a subset of childrens books, a genre, leadership perhaps, or an author, and to declare them bad books, books that children should be stopped from reading. Ive seen it happen over and over; Enid Blyton was declared a bad author, so was rl stine, so were dozens of others. Comics have been decried as fostering illiteracy. No such thing as a bad writer. Enid Blytons Famous five. Photograph: Greg Balfour evans/Alamy. Its snobbery and its foolishness. There are no bad authors for children, that children like and want to read and seek out, because every child is different. They can find the stories they need to, and they bring themselves to stories.
Firstly, its a gateway drug to reading. The drive to know what happens next, to want to turn the page, the need to keep going, plan even if its hard, because someones in trouble and you have to know how its all going to end thats a very real drive. And it forces you to learn new words, to think new thoughts, to keep going. To discover that reading per se is pleasurable. Once you learn that, youre on the road to reading everything. And reading is key. There were noises made briefly, a few years ago, about the idea that we were living in a post-literate world, in which the ability to make sense out of written words was somehow redundant, but those days are gone: words are more important than they. People who cannot understand each other cannot exchange ideas, cannot communicate, and translation programs only go so far. The simplest way to make sure that we raise literate children is to teach them to read, and to show them that reading is a pleasurable activity.
How many prisoners are there going to be, 15 years from now? And they found they could predict it very easily, using a pretty simple algorithm, based on asking what percentage of 10 and 11-year-olds couldnt read. And certainly couldnt read for pleasure. Its not one to one: you cant say that a literate society has no criminality. But there are very real correlations. And I think some dates of those correlations, the simplest, come from something very simple. Literate people read fiction. Fiction has two uses.
And Im here giving this talk tonight, under the auspices of the reading Agency: a charity whose mission is to give everyone an equal chance in life by helping people become confident and enthusiastic readers. Which supports literacy programs, and libraries and individuals and nakedly and wantonly encourages the act of reading. Because, they tell us, everything changes when we read. And its that change, and that act of reading that Im here to talk about tonight. I want to talk about what reading does. What its good for. I was once in New York, and I listened to a talk about the building of private prisons a huge growth industry in America. The prison industry needs to plan its future growth how many cells are they going to need?
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A declaration of members interests, of a sort. So, i am going to be talking to you about reading. Im going to tell you that libraries essay are important. Im going to suggest that reading fiction, that reading for pleasure, is one of the most important things one can. Im going to make an impassioned plea for people to understand what libraries and librarians are, and to preserve both of these things.
And i am biased, obviously and enormously: Im an author, often an author of fiction. I write for children and for adults. For about 30 years I have been earning my living through my words, mostly by making things up and writing them down. It is obviously in my interest for people to read, for them to read fiction, for libraries and librarians to exist and help foster a love of reading and places in which reading can occur. So im biased as a writer. But i am much, much more biased as a reader. And yelp i am even more biased as a british citizen.
Luckily, the payoff of a single lesson can provide instant gratification. Researchers from Germany and Spain had 36 participants read two sentences containing the same foreign word: every sunday the grandmother went to the jedin and The man was buried in the jedin. When asked what jedin means, the folks who correctly guessed graveyard showed reactions in the same pleasure-sensing parts of the brain youd expect from food, sex, gambling, and other satisfying stimuli. (Though when it comes to words, overindulgence is encouraged.). Its in that spirit of brain building that we bring you a special Genius Issue devoted to all things philological.
Youll find a story about the people who write dictionaries, the narrative tricks that super memorizers use to recall massive amounts of information, and an essay that wonders if our fiction tastes are becoming simpler. There are heartwarming stories, too, such as the tale of how a young German girl learned a few words of English from an American soldier during World War ii and a drama in real Life about a man who lost all ability to communicate —and almost. Wherever you land, we hope youll be inspired to turn the page. Because, as science reminds us, it pays to increase your word power—today, tomorrow, and for the rest of your life. Still not inspired to pick up a novel? These 39 cozy reading"s will make you crave a good book. Its important for people to tell you what side they are on and why, and whether they might be biased.
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A 2013 study. Neurology discovered that patients who spoke father's two or more languages developed dementia an average of.5 years later than monolingual patients. And while a brain that learns a second language earlier in life will likely see more cognitive advantages than a late-life learner, it is never too late to open the phrase book. You dont need to end up a fluent speaker, either. Just having the basics of those linguistic connections can delay dementia,. Thomas bak of the University of Edinburgh told the. When youre ready to start, try this science-backed secret to learning a new language. Of course, learning a new language is no quick feat.
Thats more good news for word lovers. Vocabulary is notoriously resistant to aging, and having a rich one, according to researchers from Spains University of Santiago de compostela, can significantly delay the manifestation of mental decline. When the team analyzed vocabulary test scores of more than 300 volunteers ages 50 and older, they found that participants with the lowest scores were between three and four times more at risk of cognitive decay than participants with the highest scores. . (Check kalamazoo out these other 11 ways to improve your vocabulary. learning foreign words (like these 6 romantic words with no English equivalent ) also offers important cognitive nutrients. . In fact, research shows that learning something new, such as how to play an instrument or speak a second language, is one of the best things you can do for your brain at any age. (Check out these other 12 ways to get smarter in your spare time.) Remember that powerful network of brain connections we get from reading? Successfully learning a second language grows that network even more. As a result, polyglots have been shown to be stronger at multitasking, superior at memorizing, and better at focusing on important information than monolingual speakers.
to a more resilient mind by fueling what scientists call cognitive reserve. One way to think about this reserve is as your brains ability to adapt to damage. Just as your blood cells will clot to cover a cut on your knee, cognitive reserve helps your brain cells find new mental pathways around areas damaged by stroke, dementia, and other forms of decay. This could explain why, after death, many seemingly healthy elders turn out to harbor advanced signs of Alzheimers disease in their brains despite showing few signs in life. Its their cognitive reserve, researchers suspect, that may allow some seniors to seamlessly compensate for hidden brain damage. (On the flip side, these 8 habits could be making your brain age more quickly. jamie chung for readers Digest (photograph) and joel Holland for readers digest (hand lettering). So how does one build up cognitive reserve?
For one, the researchers posit, chapter books encourage deep reading. . Unlike, say, skimming a presentation page of headlines, reading a book (of any genre) forces your brain to think critically and make connections from one chapter to another, and to the outside world. (But in a pinch, try these 6 tips to be a better speed reader.) When you make connections, so does your brain, literally forging new pathways between regions in all four lobes and both hemispheres. Over time, these neural networks can promote quicker thinking and may provide a greater defense against the worst effects of cognitive decay. Jamie chung for readers Digest (photograph) and joel Holland for readers digest (hand lettering). Secondly, reading books, especially fiction, has been shown to increase empathy and emotional intelligence. (Heres more on how reading fiction makes you a nicer person.) One 2013 study found that participants who read just the first part or chapter of a story showed a noticeable increase in empathy one week later, while news readers showed a decrease. These findings may sound trivial, but theyre not; developing social tools such as empathy and emotional intelligence can lead to more (and more positive) human interaction, which in turn can lower stress levels—both of which are proved to help you live longer and healthier.
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If youre reading this, its safe to assume book you dont need to be sold on the merits of the written word. You may already be familiar with recent findings that suggest children as young as six months who read books with their parents several times a week show stronger literacy skills four years later, score higher on intelligence tests, and land better jobs than nonreaders. (Check out these 8 simple tricks to teach your kids to love reading.) But recent research argues that reading may be just as important in adulthood. . When practiced over a lifetime, reading and language-acquisition skills can support healthy brain functioning in big ways. Simply put: Word power increases brain power. (Here are 7 more morning brain boosters to do before work. to understand why and what each of us can do to get the most out of our words, start by asking the same question the yale team did: What is it about reading books in particular that boosts our brain power whereas reading newspapers and.