Ip cores Family presentation, and also their, decTool Parser-Coder software tool, the paper: Decimal floating-point support on the ibm system z10 processor by Eric Schwarz, john Kapernick, and mike cowlishaw (January 2009) describes decimal floating-point hardware in, and supporting software for, the new. Ibm system z10 mainframe. See also Charles Webbs, ibm z6 The next-Generation mainframe microprocessor presentation at, hot Chips 19, august 2007 (details of the decimal floating-point unit in the z6 are on charts 7, 19, and 20). Power pc (Power6) announcement; see also the, power Instruction Set Architecture decimal Floating point (book 1, Chapter 5), and Bradley mcCredies Microprocessor Forum. Power roadmap (details of the decimal floating-point unit in Power6 are on charts 1214). Ibm system z9 announcement; see also, decimal floating-point in z9: An implementation and testing perspective and the, preliminary decimal-Floating-point Architecture for ibm system z processors, software with hardware support. Gcc.3 includes the proposed iso c extensions for decimal floating point, with hardware support for ibm power and System z decimal instructions.
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news/uk-england-birmingham " poundland Stops Selling Chinese lanterns After Massive fire In Smethwick ". "Chinese lanterns pose danger to livestock, nfu says". "Why did China ban Traditional Flying Lanterns? "bundesgesetzblatt für die republik österreich" (PDF) (in German). Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. "Fire danger prompts ban of sky lanterns". Background rationale, hardware implementations, fujitsus decimal Densely packed Decimal and number support instructions in the. Sparc64 X processor announced at Hot Chips 24, august 2012. (see charts 5 6 of this presentation. silMinds, decimal Floating pdf point Arithmetic, ip cores Family product page and.
Folha de são write paulo (online). Firefighters have been striving for five days to put out a criminal fire in the guarulhos region. This time it was a tire recycling company; but it could have happened to my home, or to yours, dear reader. "What's the environmental impact of a sky lantern?". "sky's The limit For Eco Friendly Chinese lanterns". "sky orbs wins 100k russian order". a b "Balão cai no aeroporto de cumbica; Infraero faz campanha de prevenção" (in Portuguese). Only last year the state-owned company recorded at the guarulhos Cumbica airport 104 incident. There were already 17 incidents.
See also edit references edit yinke deng (2005). "Chicago ufo mystery solved: They were sky lanterns in Honor of Child Abuse victims". Archived from the original. "Readers say burnham-On-sea ufo was probably a chinese lantern". "Lantern Festival biography of the yee peng Month". Welcome to Chiangmai and Chiangrai magazine. "Fabricar, vender ou soltar balões que possam provocar incêndio é crime — especial Cidadania - jornal do senado". "Inconseqüência sazonal vitima mais um" (in Portuguese).
Despite the general lack of prevalence some places have banned them for these reasons. 14 The city of Sanya in China banned sky lanterns due to their hazards toward aircraft and airspace navigation. 15 It is illegal to launch a sky lantern in most parts of Germany ; where use is not illegal, as in Herford, it is necessary to obtain advance permission from local authorities. In Austria, it is illegal to produce, sell, import, or distribute them. 16 In Argentina, chile, and Colombia it is illegal to launch lanterns, as well as in Spain and vietnam. In Brazil launching lanterns is an environmental crime, punishable by up to 3 years in jail since 1998. 10 Retail sale (but not possession and use) of sky lanterns that "rely on an open flame to heat the air inside the lantern" was banned in Australia on 1 February 2011. 17 sky lanterns have also been banned in Kittitas county, washington due to fire concerns on 18 Since then, washington state has banned sky lanterns statewide.
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During Diwali festival (The festival of Light) eco-friendly sky lanterns are used for celebrations along with fireworks. Dangers edit a sky lantern may land when the flame is still alight, making it a fire hazard. 6 In typical designs, as long as the lantern stays upright the paper will not get hot enough to ignite, but if the balloon is tilted (say, by the wind or upon by hitting some object it may catch fire while still in the air. All the paper will usually burn in a few seconds, but the flame source may remain lit until it hits the ground. After the balloon lands, the leftover thin wire frame will rust away very slowly, remaining a hazard to animals that may swallow. 7 In 2009 British company sky orbs Chinese lanterns developed lanterns with a bio-degradable fireproof rope in place of metal wire.
8 Many other European manufacturers adopted similar designs. In 2012 the same company released a patented design with fireproof base following reports of fires caused by lanterns. 9 sky lanterns have also been alleged to pose a danger to aircraft. 10 On the ' largest fire ever ' in the west Midlands of England, involving 100,000 tonnes of recycling material and causing an estimated six million pounds worth of damage, was started by a sky lantern which landed at a plastics recycling plant in Smethwick. Images of the lantern starting eid the fire were captured on cctv. 11 12 In response to the fire, poundland decided to stop selling sky lanterns and recalled their entire stock on 13 Legal status edit despite their use for centuries, there has been growing concern by some about the potential danger to cause crop or building.
It is considered good : luck to release a sky lantern, and many Thais believe they are symbolic of problems and worries floating away. Portugal and Brazil edit releasing a sky lantern in Mexico. In Brazil, sky lanterns ( balão in Portuguese ) were a traditional feature of the winter holidays ( Festas Juninas ) at the end of June. It is claimed that custom was brought to Brazil from Portugal by colonists in the 16th century, and is still strong in Portugal, especially in Porto. The june holidays tradition also includes firecrackers and fireworks, another Chinese invention; so it is conjectured that these elements may have been brought from China by portuguese explorers around 1500.
The design and customs of Brazilian sky lanterns are modified to suit their festivals. Frei bartolomeu de gusmão, using a large scale version of these lanterns, was the first man to fly a hot air balloon in, in the hall of the casa da Índia in Lisbon, portugal, long before the montgolfier brothers. Brazilian sky lanterns are usually made by small groups of children and adolescents; but adults sometimes joined the effort, especially for the larger and more elaborate balloons. The launching of a large lantern, which could be one or two metres across, would usually require the cooperation of several people, to hold the balloon fully stretched until it was fully inflated. Lanterns with 20 meters or more and loaded with firecrackers and large flags are not uncommon. It is important to note that launching lanterns in Brazil is an environmental crime, punishable by up to 3 years in jail since 1998. 5 India edit to represent the Star of Bethlehem during Christmas season, as part of celebrations sky lanterns are released into the night sky with hopes towards a new year. In Bengal and Northeast India, buddhist people celebrate their Probarona purnima which signifies end of their three-month lent by releasing lighted sky lanterns ( fanush it is the second largest festival of the buddhist community.
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Taiwan edit pingxi district in New taipei city of taiwan holds an annual Lantern Festival in which sky lanterns are literature released into the night sky with people's wishes written, to send the wishes and messages to god. Lantern Festival is also as known as the 15th days of Lunar New year, the last day of celebration for Lunar New year. Thailand edit The lanna people of northern Thailand use "floating lanterns" ( โคมลอย, khom loi ) london year round, for celebrations and other special occasions. One very important festival in which sky lanterns are used is the yi peng festival, which is held on a full moon of the 2nd month ( ยีเป็ง, yi peng ) of the lanna calendar (which coincides with loi krathong, the traditional festival on the. During the yi peng festival, a multitude of lanterns are launched into the air where they resemble large flocks of giant fluorescent jellyfish gracefully floating by through the sky. The most elaborate yi peng celebrations can be seen in Chiang mai, 4 the ancient capital of the former Lanna kingdom. The festival is meant as a time to obtain Buddhist merit ( ทำบุญ, tham bun ). In recent times, floating lanterns have become so popular with all Thai people that they have become integrated into the festival in the rest of the country. In addition, people will also decorate their houses, gardens and temples with intricately shaped paper lanterns ( โคม ไฟ, khom fai ) of various forms.
Traditionally, however, their invention is attributed to the sage and military strategist Zhuge liang (181234 ce 1 whose reverent term of address was Kongming. He is said to have used a message written on a sky lantern to summon help on an for occasion when he was surrounded by enemy troops. For this reason, they are still known in China as Kongming lanterns (, kǒngmíng dēng ). Another suggested origin is that the name actually comes from the lantern's resemblance to the hat Kongming is traditionally shown to be wearing. Citation needed sky lanterns could be a possible explanation for some ufo sightings through the years. 2 3 Usage in festivals edit mainland China edit In ancient China, sky lanterns were strategically used in wars. However, later on, non-military applications were employed as they became popular with children at festivals. These lanterns were subsequently incorporated into festivals like the Chinese mid-Autumn and Lantern Festivals.
Thai name is khom loi. Many areas of Asia, however, do not permit sky lanterns because of widespread fire hazards as well as danger to livestock. In Brazil, mexico, and possibly other Latin American countries, sky lanterns were traditionally made of several patches of thin translucent paper (locally called "silk paper in various bright colors, glued together to make a multicolored polyhedral shell. A design that was fairly common was two pyramids joined by the base (a bipyramid, such as the octahedron ) sometimes with a cube or prism inserted in the middle. Only the smaller models had a full frame made of bamboo or thin wire; the slight overpressure of the hot air was sufficient to keep the larger ones inflated, and the frame was reduced to a wire loop around the bottom opening. The "candle" was usually a packet of paraffin or rosin tightly wrapped in cloth and bound with wire. History edit According to the sinologist and historian of science joseph needham, the Chinese experimented with small hot air balloons for signaling from as early as the 3rd century bce, during the warring States period.
Contents, construction edit, making sky lanterns in Mexico, the general design is a thin paper shell, which may be from about 30 cm to a couple of metres across, with an opening at the bottom. The opening is usually about 10 to 30 cm wide (even for the largest shells and is surrounded by a stiff collar father's that serves to suspend the flame source and to keep it away from the walls. When lit, the flame heats the air inside the lantern, thus lowering its density and causing the lantern to rise into the air. The sky lantern is only airborne for as long as the flame stays alight, after which the lantern sinks back to the ground. In China and taiwan, sky lanterns are traditionally made from oiled rice paper on a bamboo frame. The source of hot air may be a small candle or fuel cell composed of a waxy flammable material. In Thailand, sky lanterns are often traditionally made from oiled rice paper on a bamboo frame.
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For the racehorse, see, sky lantern (horse). A modern Kongming lantern, yi peng (loi krathong) festival best in Tudongkasatan Lanna (Lanna meditation Retreat Centre mae. Chiang mai, thailand, a sky lantern ( simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : tiāndēng also known as, kongming lantern. Chinese lantern, is a small hot air balloon made of paper, with an opening at the bottom where a small fire is suspended. In Asia and elsewhere around the world, sky lanterns have been traditionally made for centuries, to be launched for play or as part of long-established festivities. The name "sky lantern" is a translation of the. Chinese name but they have also been referred to as sky candles or fire balloons.