Candlestick charts are another type of bar chart used to describe price movements of an equity over time. A kagi chart is a time-independent stock tracking chart that attempts to minimise noise. Alternatively, where less detail is required, and chart size is paramount, a sparkline may be used. Other examples: Interest rates, temperatures, etc., at the close of the period are plotted with a line chart. Project planners use a gantt chart to show the timing of tasks as they occur over time. Well-known named charts edit some of the better-known named charts are: Some specific charts have become well known by effectively explaining a phenomenon or idea. Other charts edit There are dozens of other types of charts.
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5 A line chart is a two-dimensional scatterplot of ordered observations where the observations are connected following their order. The first known line charts are usually credited to Francis hauksbee, nicolaus Samuel Cruquius, johann heinrich Lambert and William Playfair. 6 Other common charts are: Less-common charts edit Examples of less common charts are: This gallery shows: A bubble chart is a two-dimensional scatterplot where a third variable is represented by the size of the points. A polar area diagram, sometimes essay called a coxcomb chart, is an enhanced form of pie chart developed by Florence nightingale. A radar chart or "spider chart" or "doi" is a two-dimensional chart of three or more quantitative variables represented on axes starting from the same point. A waterfall chart also known as a "Walk" chart, is a special type of floating-column chart. A tree map where the areas of the rectangles correspond to values. Other dimensions can be represented with colour or hue. A streamgraph, a stacked, curvilinear area graph displaced around a central axis a gapChart, a time series chart showing evolving gaps and equalities between series. Field-specific charts edit some types of charts have specific uses in a certain field This gallery shows: Stock market prices are often depicted with an open-high-low-close chart with a traditional bar chart of volume at the bottom.
Inferences or points of interest can be overlaid directly on the graph to further aid information extraction. When the data appearing in a chart contains multiple variables, the chart may include a legend (also known as a key ). A legend contains a list of the variables appearing in the chart and an example of their appearance. This information allows the data from each variable to be identified in the chart. Types of charts edit common charts edit four of the most common charts are: This gallery shows: A histogram consists of tabular frequencies, shown as adjacent rectangles, erected over discrete intervals (bins with an area equal to the frequency of the observations in the interval;. 3 A bar chart is a chart with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent. The bars can be plotted vertically or horizontally. The first known bar charts are usually attributed to nicole Oresme, joseph Priestley, and William Playfair. 4 A pie chart shows percentage values as a slice of a pie; first introduced by william Playfair.
Each axis will typically also have a label displayed outside or beside it, briefly describing the dimension represented. If the scale is numerical, the label will often be suffixed with night the unit of that scale in parentheses. For example, "Distance traveled (m is a typical x-axis label and would mean that the distance traveled, in units of meters, is related to the horizontal position of the data within the chart. Within the graph a grid of lines may appear to aid in the visual alignment of data. The grid can be enhanced by visually emphasizing the lines at regular or significant graduations. The emphasized lines are fuller then called major grid lines and the remainder are minor grid lines. The data of a chart can appear in all manner of formats, and may include individual textual labels describing the datum associated with the indicated position in the chart. The data may appear as dots or shapes, connected or unconnected, and in any combination of colors and patterns.
Contents features of a chart edit a chart can take a large variety of forms, however there are common features that provide the chart with its ability to extract meaning from data. Typically the data in a chart is represented graphically, since humans are generally able to infer meaning from pictures quicker than from text. Text is generally used only to annotate the data. One of the most important uses of text in a graph is the title. A graph's title usually appears above the main graphic and provides a succinct description of what the data in the graph refers. Dimensions in the data are often displayed on axes. If a horizontal and a vertical axis are used, they are usually referred to as the x-axis and y-axis respectively. Each axis will have a scale, denoted by periodic graduations and usually accompanied by numerical or categorical indications.
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For other uses, see, chart (disambiguation), graph (disambiguation), and, diagram. For information about charts in wikipedia, see. A pie chart showing the composition of the 38th Parliament of Canada. A chart is a graphical representation of data, in which "the data is represented by symbols, such as bars in a bar chart, lines in a line chart, or slices in a pie chart ". 1, a chart can represent tabular numeric data, functions or some essay kinds of qualitative structure and provides different info. The term "chart" as a graphical representation of data has multiple meanings: A data chart is a type of diagram or graph, that organizes and represents a set of numerical or qualitative data. Maps that are adorned with extra information ( map surround ) for a specific purpose are often known as charts, such as a nautical chart or aeronautical chart, typically spread over several map sheets.
Other domain specific constructs are sometimes called charts, such as the chord chart in music notation or a record chart for album popularity. Charts are often used to ease understanding of large quantities of data and the relationships between parts of the data. Charts can usually be read more quickly than the raw data. They are used in a wide variety of fields, and can be created by hand (often on graph paper ) or by computer using a charting application. Certain types of charts are more useful for presenting a given data set than others. For example, data that presents percentages in different groups (such as "satisfied, not satisfied, unsure are often displayed in a pie chart, but may be more easily understood when presented in a horizontal bar chart. 2 On the other hand, data that represents numbers that change over a period of time (such as "annual revenue from 1990 to 2000 might be best shown as a line chart.
On the home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click paste. Top of page Create an organization chart, a timeline, or add a chart from Excel to create an organization chart, see the article Create an organization chart. To create a timeline using a smartArt graphic, see the article Create a smartArt graphic. To learn about the different types of Excel charts that you can add to your PowerPoint slides, see the article available chart types. Top of page overview of data charting and graphing you can add a data chart or graph to your presentation in one of two ways: you can create a chart or graph in your presentation. When you create a new chart in PowerPoint 2007, you edit the data for that chart in Office Excel 2007, but the data is saved with the powerPoint file.
You can paste an Excel chart or graph into your presentation and link to the data in an Office Excel 2007 file. When you copy a chart from a saved Office Excel 2007 file and paste it into your presentation, the data in the chart is linked to that Excel file. If you want to change the data in the chart, you must make your changes to the linked worksheet in Office Excel 2007 and then refresh the data in your PowerPoint presentation. The Excel worksheet is a separate file and is not saved with the powerPoint file. Note: If you open a presentation that was created in an earlier version of PowerPoint and the presentation contains a graph or chart that was created by using Microsoft Graph, powerPoint 2007 maintains the look and feel of the graph or chart and lets you. A chart in PowerPoint that is made up of sample data from an Excel worksheet.
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When you are finished inputting the data in Excel, on the file menu, click Close. Note: to change the data in a chart you've inserted, use the Edit Data command. To presentation learn more about the Edit Data command, see change the data in an existing chart. Paste an Excel chart or graph into your presentation and link to data in Excel you create and copy the chart or graph in Office Excel 2007 and then paste it into your PowerPoint 2007 presentation. When you update the data in the linked Office Excel 2007 file, you can update the chart in PowerPoint by using the refresh Data command. To learn more about copying and pasting Excel charts and graphs into your PowerPoint presentation, see the article copy an Excel chart to another Office program. Note: If you want shredder to be able to automatically update or refresh the data in your chart or graph, you must save the Excel file before inserting the chart or graph. In Excel, select the chart by clicking its border, and then on the home tab, in the Clipboard group, click cut. In PowerPoint 2007, click the placeholder on the slide or notes page that you want to insert the chart.
If you are not sure which would be the best tool, see when should i use a smartArt graphic and when should i use a chart? More information Top of page Insert a chart or graph in your presentation to create a simple chart from scratch in PowerPoint, click Insert chart and pick the chart you want. In PowerPoint 2007, click the placeholder that you want to contain the chart. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Chart. In the Insert Chart dialog box, click a chart, and then click. Office Excel 2007 opens in a split window and displays sample data on a worksheet. Sample data on an Excel worksheet In Excel, to replace the sample data, click a cell on the worksheet, and then type the data that you want. You can also replace the sample axis labels in Column a and the legend entry papers name in Row. Note: After you update the worksheet, the chart in PowerPoint 2007 updates automatically with the new data.
inside the chart to activate. You can change chart data in PowerPoint. Click the chart, then on the green Chart tools tab, select the design tab, and then click Edit Data. For more details, see change the data in an existing chart. Top of page tips to get a good idea of what you can add to or change in your chart, under Chart tools, click the design, layout, and Format tabs, and then explore the groups and options that are provided on each tab. You can also access design, layout, and formatting features that are available for specific chart elements (such as chart axes or the legend) by right-clicking those chart elements. Some types of charts, such as organization charts, flow charts, hierarchical diagrams, or showing repetitive information, might be more easily and effectively created using SmartArt.
Select the type of chart that you want and then click. Tip: When you rest the mouse pointer over any chart type, a screenTip displays its name. Edit the data in Excel 2010. When you are finished editing your data, you can close Excel. Click the, file tab and then click, close. The chart in PowerPoint is automatically updated with the new data. You can modify the chart in PowerPoint, including changes to appearance, size plan or position. Click the chart, then on the green.
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To create a simple chart from scratch in PowerPoint, click. Insert chart and pick the chart you want. Click the chart type and then double-click the chart you want. Tip: For help deciding which chart is best for your data, see. In the worksheet that appears, replace the placeholder data with your own information. When youve finished, close the worksheet. Top of page, to create a simple chart from scratch in PowerPoint, click. On the, insert tab, in the, illustrations group, click, chart. Insert Chart dialog box, click the arrows to scroll through the chart types.